Sánchez-Albornoz, Claudio

b. 1893, Madrid; d. 1984, Avila
   Historian
   One of the most important medieval historians of the twentieth century in Spain, Sánchez-Albornoz became professor of Spanish History in Barcelona in 1918, at the age of 25, and was elected to the Royal Academy of History in 1925, though it was to be another half-century before he delivered his inaugural address. A member of the Constituent Cortes of the Second Republic in 1931, he subsequently became a minister and later ambassador to Portugal. After the Civil War he went into exile in Argentina, where from 1942 he occupied a chair in the University of Buenos Aires. A liberal Catholic and lifelong Republican, he was head of the Republican government-inexile between 1959 and 1970.
   His name, however, will always be associated with that of Américo Castro, with whom he carried on an intense polemic for many years over the interpretation of medieval Spanish history. In works such as España, un enigma histórico (Spain, a Historical Enigma) (1956), Sánchez-Albornoz took issue with what he saw as Castro's obsession with genetic inheritance as a factor in the transmission of culture, and accused him of exaggerating Jewish and Muslim influence and playing down the artistic and intellectual contribution of Christians. In Sánchez-Albornoz's view, Castro was excessively pessimistic about Spain's capacity to overcome its inherited disadvantages. His own preferred approach was to emphasize cultural continuity, in line with his liberal belief in progress.
   EAMONN RODGERS

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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  • Sánchez Albornoz, Claudio — ► (1893 1984) Historiador medievalista español. Fundó la revista Cuadernos de Historia de España. Obras: Potestad real y los señoríos en Asturias; León y Castilla durante los siglos VIII al XIII; Estampas de la vida en León en el siglo X; España… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sánchez Albornoz — Sánchez Albornoz, Claudio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Claudio Sánchez-Albornoz — Presidente del Consejo de Ministros de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Claudio Sanchez-Albornoz — Claudio Sánchez Albornoz Claudio Sánchez Albornoz y Menduiña (Madrid, 7 avril 1893 – Ávila, 8 juillet 1984) fut l un des historiens espagnols les plus importants. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Prix et distinctions 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claudio Sánchez Albornoz — y Menduiña (Madrid, 7 avril 1893 – Ávila, 8 juillet 1984) fut l un des historiens espagnols les plus importants. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Prix et distinctions 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claudio Sánchez-Albornoz — y Menduiña (Madrid, 7 avril 1893 – Ávila, 8 juillet 1984) fut l un des historiens espagnols les plus importants. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Prix et distinctions 3 Publica …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sánchez-Albornoz — puede referirse a dos intelectuales españoles del siglo XX: Claudio Sánchez Albornoz Nicolás Sánchez Albornoz, hijo del anterior. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Claudio Sánchez Albornoz — y Menduiña (Madrid, 7 de abril de 1893 – Ávila, 8 de julio de 1984), uno de los mas notables historiadores españoles …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Claudio Sánchez-Albornoz y Menduiña — Bust of Sánchez Albornoz in the plaza that bears his name in Ávila Claudio Sánchez Albornoz y Menduiña (April 7, 1893–Ávila July 8, 1984[1]) was an eminent Spanish medieval historian, statesman, and a leader of the Spanish Republican government… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolás Sánchez-Albornoz — y Aboín, nacido en Madrid en 1926, es un historiador y profesor universitario español. Hijo del historiador Claudio Sánchez Albornoz, que se había exiliado tras la Guerra Civil. Nicolás permaneció en Madrid y participó, siendo estudiante, en un… …   Wikipedia Español

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